Quick Guide On Soap Making

Soap making is a process that involves mixing oils or fats with an alkali to create soap. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to make soap:


  • 2 pounds of vegetable oil or fat (such as coconut oil, olive oil, or palm oil)
  • 6 ounces of lye (sodium hydroxide)
  • 12 ounces of water
  • Essential oils (optional)
  • Soap molds
  • Protective gear, including safety goggles, gloves, and long sleeves


  1. Measure out the oils or fats you'll be using and melt them in a pot on low heat.

  2. In a separate container, measure out the lye and water. Be sure to do this in a well-ventilated area or outdoors, wearing protective gear. Slowly add the lye to the water, stirring gently until it dissolves. Do not add water to lye, as it can cause a dangerous reaction.

  3. Allow the lye and water mixture to cool to room temperature.

  4. Once the oils and fats are melted, allow them to cool to around 100-110°F.

  5. Slowly pour the lye and water mixture into the melted oils and fats, stirring constantly with a whisk or immersion blender. This process is called saponification, where the oils and fats are converted into soap.

  6. Continue stirring until the mixture reaches "trace." This means the soap has thickened enough to leave a trail or "trace" when you drag the spoon or whisk through it.

  7. Add essential oils or fragrance oils if desired.

  8. Pour the soap mixture into soap molds and let it sit for 24-48 hours until it hardens and cools.

  9. Once the soap has hardened, remove it from the molds and cut it into bars.

  10. Allow the soap to cure for 4-6 weeks, turning it occasionally to ensure it dries evenly.

  11. Once cured, your soap is ready to use and enjoy!

It's important to note that soap making involves using lye, which is a highly caustic substance. It's essential to follow safety precautions and handle lye with care.

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